Tips to Reduce Flooding
- Check and test your sump pump according to the manufacturer instructions.
- Check your window wells.
- Move snow away from buildings.
Maintain Gutters and Downspouts
- Clean the gutters and drainage downspouts.
- Direct flows from downspouts away from your foundation.
Assess Your Yard
- Water is a common cause of unstable slopes, mudslides and erosion. Check your property for signs of earth movement, such as leaning trees, or cracks in the soil or sidewalks. If you have a problem, contact an engineer to evaluate the situation.
- Culverts: Monitor to ensure they are open and remove any debris.
Warmer temperatures and resulting snow melt can produce large amounts of runoff in a short period of time, as each cubic foot of compacted snow contains gallons of water. During the early spring, frozen land prevents melting snow or rainfall from seeping into the ground. The water then runs off the surface and flows into lakes, streams, and rivers, causing excess water to spill over their banks. Add seasonal storms to the mix, and the result is often severe spring flooding.
Several areas of the country are at heightened risk for flooding due to heavy rains. This excessive amount of rainfall can happen throughout the year, putting your property at risk.
Storms over the Pacific Ocean bring heavy rains to the western United States between the months of November and April. Cresting rivers, backed-up storm drains or saturated ground can cause significant floods across the region during this time.
Long cold spells can cause the surface of rivers to freeze, leading to ice jams. When a rise in the water level or a thaw breaks the ice into large chunks, these chunks can become jammed at man-made and natural obstructions, resulting in severe flooding.
Visit Floodsmart.gov for more information.
Build an emergency kit.
Plan an evacuation route from home, work, and school that is on higher ground.
Conduct a thorough home inventory. Thorough documentation of your belongings will help you file your flood insurance claim.
Elevate the furnace, water heater and electric panel in your home if you live in an area that has a high flood risk.
Consider installing "check valves" to prevent flood water from backing up into the drains of your home.
If feasible, construct barriers to stop floodwater from entering the building and seal walls in basements with waterproofing compounds.
In the event your community is evacuated, identify a location to stay such as with a friend or relative. Planning this beforehand will help reduce stress.
Travel During a Flood
Many drivers overestimate their ability to navigate flooded roads, putting too much stock in their "heavy" vehicles. In reality, most motorists lose control of their vehicles, including SUVs, in just six inches of water, while 18-24 inches of moving water will force a vehicle off the road. The menace is buoyant force. When the buoyant force is greater than the vehicle's weight, the vehicle will move with the moving water. Besides the buoyant force, erosion is another significant concern. Moving water is very powerful and can undermine the integrity of a road. A motorist will be unaware he is driving into a scoured out section of the road.
Turn around Don't drown